(i) Person(s) may be overly excitable, temperamental, or nervous.
(j) Person(s) may be physically or mentally unfit, for example, ill, drunk, very tired,
(2) Find, name, identify, and analyze hazards. A general knowledge of hazards is not enough.
Any hazard must be found, named, identified, and studied before we can do something to
eliminate or at least reduce it to a tolerable minimum. If you think you have discovered a
hazard, talk the matter over with other members of your shop, and particularly with your
supervisor. Then something can be done to get rid of, or reduce, the hazard.
(3) Suggest or select a remedy. Once a hazard is located, identified, and analyzed, the best
method of eliminating it must be found. The remedy in all cases must be practical, effective,
and economical. The remedy will usually take some form of engineering, education, or
enforcement. For instance, designing guards to use on a certain machine would be a form of
engineering. Instruction in the correct, safe way of doing a particular task would be a form of
education or training. Disciplinary action against those who violate shop safety rules would
be one kind of enforcement.
(4) Apply the remedy. Once the remedy has been decided upon, it should be applied. Actually,
application of the remedy requires "selling" the remedy to everybody concerned and
overcoming obstacles to it. The obstacle usually can -be identified as a person, an attitude, or
a circumstance, or some combination of those factors. Typical excuses for not being in favor
of applying a remedy are: "It'll cost too much." Or, "It'll interfere with our operations." Or, "I
don't think the hazard is serious enough to bother about." Various types of appeal, persuasion,
and training will usually overcome the obstacles, however. In accident prevention, all
thought and all action should concentrate on elimination of hazards. We have the know-how
to prevent about 99 percent of all accidents. Let's apply this know-how to achieve our goal:
Section III. FIRST AID
If an accident does occur, each of us should be prepared to help the victim until the physician can take
over. The Army does expect every soldier to be able to give first aid, and so a field manual, FM 21-11,
covers the subject, "First Aid for Soldiers." The intent here is to refresh your knowledge of those first aid
procedures most often needed in the working environment of a maintenance shop where electrical and
electronic items are being repaired.
10. RESCUE BREATHING/ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION
a. Nature of Accidents Where Victim Needs Artificial Respiration.
(1) Drowning. Drowning occurs whenever water, vomit, or any other fluid enters the victim's
breathing passages in sufficient quantities to