the bony knob behind the ear and the middle of the back of the cranium as B depicts.
Pressure here will control bleeding that occurs on the back of the scalp.
(3) Temporal. The temporal artery passes upward, often in a meandering route, in front of the
ear, and over temple and scalp. Pressing it in front of the ear will control scalp bleeding in
front of and above ear level on the left or right side of the head, whichever is involved.
(4) Subclavian. The subclavian arteries (one left and one right) feed blood to shoulders and
upper limbs. The pressure point is against the first rib in the hollow immediately above the
collarbone. This pressure point is useful especially if wounds are in armpit or upper arm. For
the first aider, it is rather tiring to manually keep pressing on this point. For the patient there
may be pain as major nerves of the neck are pressed whenever this pressure point is used.
(5) Brachial. The brachial artery is easy to spot as it goes along the groove on the inner side of
the biceps muscles. Practically any place along this artery can be used as the pressure point
for controlling bleeding of the elbow, forearm, wrist, or hand. Another pressure point along
the brachial artery lies at the front of the elbow.
(6) Radial and ulnar. Located at the front (i.e., palm side) of the wrist are pressure points of the
radial artery and ulnar artery. These pressure points are used to control arterial bleeding of
the palm of the hand.
(7) Femoral. In the middle of the groin is the pressure point for the femoral artery, the main
artery which carries blood for the leg. Note how both thumbs are used to increase pressure.
(8) Anterior and posterior tibial. These pressure points, being located at the ankle, are used to
control arterial bleeding in the foot; one or both may be used at the same time.
13. TREATMENT OF MINOR CUTS AND SIMILAR INJURIES
Scratches, small cuts, scrapes, and skinned knuckles--we so often pass them off as nothing to bother
about. Sometimes we're scarcely aware of them. A sharp edge on a chassis, a burr not filed off, an end of
wire protruding like the point of an Lee pick, a wrench slipping off a nut--these are among the many
possible causes of small hurts, particularly to fingers, hands, wrists, and forearms of a maintenance man.
Attention to such minor injuries will prevent infection and aid healing.
a. Cleanse the Wound. Bleeding is Nature's way of cleaning out the wound, but you should help by
cleaning in and around the wound with surgical soap (or any other pure soap) and warm water. Rinse off
the soapy water with warm water and let the wound air-dry. If rubbing alcohol or any other antiseptic
solution is available, put some on the wound. Take special care to clean out