Figure 15. AMCCOM installations and activities.
The US Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) is located at
Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey. ARDEC is responsible for the research, development, and life-cycle
engineering of all assigned armament and munitions systems and materiel.
The US Army Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center (CRDEC) is located at
Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. CRDEC is responsible for the research, design, development,
and life-cycle engineering of chemical weapons.
To support manufacturing of assigned materiel, AMCCOM has three arsenals. See Figure 16.
Watervliet Arsenal located at Watervliet, New York, is responsible for the production of all cannons
used by the DOD. These cannons range in size from the 20mm up to the massive 16-inch guns used
on the USS Iowa and USS New Jersey. Watervliet also produces the 60mm, 81mm, 4.2-inch, and
120mm mortars; all tank guns from 105mm to 120mm; and artillery howitzers from 105mm to 8-inch.
Pine Bluff Arsenal located at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, is responsible for the production of chemical
munitions. It has the only white phosphorous (WP) munitions filling facility in the US. Pine Bluff also
produces and renovates the various protective masks that are used by all of the military services. It
also has a binary chemical production facility.
Rock Island Arsenal located at Rock Island, Illinois, is the largest weapons manufacturing arsenal in the
free world. It produces recoil mechanisms and gun mounts for most Army and Marine Corps weapons.
Rock Island also assembles most of the Army's common and special toolkits and related items.
Additionally, AMCCOM has 30 ammunition plants (Figure 17) and three ammunition storage facilities
(Figure 18). These storage facilities are located at Crain Army Depot, Indiana, McAlester Army Depot,
Oklahoma, and Hawthorne Army Depot, Nevada. The other storage locations shown in Figure 18 are
DESCOM storage depots.
DESCOM. DESCOM, headquartered at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, is responsible for storing all
Class V assets in CONUS (minus AMCCOM assets). See Figure 18, Page 24.