Ammunition storage operations are governed by two requirements. The first requirement is to protect
and secure the ammunition. The second requirement is to protect, to the maximum extent possible,
personnel and property from the damaging effects of accidents involving ammunition and explosives.
See AR 385-64 and TM 9-1300-206 for general guidance on storage operations.
Storage Facilities. There are two categories of storage facilitiesmagazine storage facilities and
outdoor storage facilities.
Magazine storage facilities include earth-covered magazines and above-ground magazines. Earth-
covered magazines include, but are not limited to, the standard igloo, the Stradley, and the steel-arch
magazines. See Figure 9. There are two main types of above-ground magazinesHE or black-
powder magazines and fuze or primer magazines. See Figure 10, Page 14.
Outdoor storage sites are used only for the temporary storage of ammunition. Keeping ammunition
outside exposes it to the weather. Ammunition kept outside is stored in both barricaded and
unbarricaded areas. A barricaded site differs from an unbarricaded site only in that it has a berm
(barricade) built around three or four of its sides. See Figure 11, Page 15.
Storage Areas. There are five areas where ammunition is likely to be stored. These areas are
depot, the theater storage area (TSA), the corps storage area (CSA), the ammunition supply point
(ASP), and the ammunition transfer point (ATP).
Depot storage is used at the national level for ammunition assets. The Army Materiel Command (AMC)
is responsible for depot storage. This function is accomplished by two of AMC's subordinate
commands, the Depot Systems Command (DESCOM) and the Armament, Munitions, and Chemical
The TSA encompasses those storage facilities located at echelons above corps (EAC). The TSA is the
largest ammunition facility in the theater of operations (TO). The TSA provides Class V support to all
units in the theater.
The CSA is the primary source of high-tonnage ammunition for the division. The CSA is normally
located in semifixed or field locations in order to support each committed division. The CSA supports
ASPs and ATPs in corps and division areas.
ASPs are located in or near the division rear. They receive, store, account for, and maintain a 1-to-3-
day supply of ammunition in order to meet routine, surge, and emergency requirements of supported
The ATP is a mobile ammunition supply facility that is designed to accommodate maneuver units. It
provides high-usage, high-tonnage ammunition stocks to its using units. The ATPs receive 75 percent
of their stocks from the CSA and 25 percent from supporting ASPs.
The theater provides transportation assets required for ammunition support down to the assets of using
units. The mode of transportation required will depend on where the ammunition is located and the
type and quantity of ammunition to be moved. Transportation units perform truck, rail, air, and water
movement functions. At the TSA, all modes of transportation may be used. Once the ammunition is
delivered to the ATP, the trailers minus their tractors remain at the ATP until they are emptied by using