ABC-M25-series grenades are bursting-type grenades. They are constructed of two plastic hemispheres
cemented together, and use a pyrotechnic-delay, detonating-type fuze. The filler in ABC-M25 series grenades is
CS1. The color code for the ABC-M25 series is a gray body with one red band and red markings. The DODIC for
the ABC-M25 series is G924.
Illuminating Hand Grenades. Illuminating grenades are used for illuminating and signaling. They may also
be used for incendiary purposes against flammable targets. An example of an illuminating grenade is shown in
Figure 2-16. The MK1 illuminating grenade is constructed of two pieces of metal pressed together. It uses a
pyrotechnic-delay igniting fuze. The color code for the MK1 is either all-white or olive-drab with one solid band
and black markings. The DODIC for the MK1 is G895.
Incendiary Hand Grenades. Incendiary hand grenades are primarily used to destroy equipment. An
example of an incendiary grenade is shown in Figure 2-16. The AN-M14 grenade has a cylindrical body
constructed of thin sheet metal. It uses a pyrotechnic-delay igniter fuze. The color code for the AN-M14 is a light-
red body with black markings. Its DODIC is G900.
Special-Purpose (Launched) Grenades. Miscellaneous special-purpose grenades are designed to provide
a self-screening smoke capability for armored tactical vehicles. Examples of such grenades are shown in Figure
2-17. L8-series grenades use red phosphorous (RP) screening smoke. They have a cylindrical, butyl-rubber
body with a metal base. These items are used with the M239 grenade-launcher system mounted on tactical
vehicles. L8-series grenades have electrically actuated primers. The body of L8-series grenades is black. The
metal base is light-green with a brown band and black markings. The DODIC for grenades in the L8 series is
M76 grenades use infrared (IR) screening smoke. They have a cylindrical, plastic main body with a metal base.
These items are used with the M250, M239, and M243 launch systems. M76 grenades have electrically actuated
primers. Their color code is a light-green body with black markings. The DODIC for the M76 grenade is G826.
The paragraphs that follow describe the family of 40-millimeter cartridges according to their functions and uses.
40-Millimeter Fragmentation Cartridge. These munitions are designed to inflict personnel casualties by
their ground-burst effects. They may be fired from single-shot weapons such as the M203, or from automatic
weapons such as the M75, the M129, and the MK19. Examples of 40-millimeter fragmentation cartridges are
shown in Figure 2-18.
The M381 HE cartridge consists of an aluminum cartridge case and a projectile. It is used only with M79 and
M203 weapons. It is fired from the weapon by a percussion primer, and uses an internal point-detonating (PD)
fuze to function upon impact. The color coding for the M381 is an olive-drab cartridge case with yellow markings
and a yellow ogive. Its DODIC is B568.
M397-series cartridges have an aluminum cartridge case with a steel projectile. They are also used only with
M79 and M203 weapons. They are fired from the weapon by a percussion primer, and use an internal PD fuze to
function upon impact. The color coding for the M397 is an olive-drab cartridge case with yellow markings and a
yellow ogive. The DODIC for the M397 is B569.
The M383 40-millimeter HE cartridge has an aluminum cartridge case and a steel projectile. It is used only in the
M75, M129, and US Navy MK19 machine guns. This munition