On-deck stowage (MILVAN).
12. Hazardous materials classification and class designations.
a. In the interest of safety, DOT and other Federal regulatory agencies have established detailed
requirements governing the marking, handling, and shipping of hazardous cargo moving in interstate and
inter-theater traffic. Shipment of hazardous cargo by the military services must conform to established
rules and regulations.
b. To permit ready identification of hazardous cargo, distinctly colored labels and placards have been
designed for each of the 17 hazardous commodity classifications. These labels/placards have been
changed to reflect the updated/new doctrine.
c. Hazardous materials class numbers are required by most foreign governments and by DOD. The labels
may be overstamped or overprinted with the appropriate hazard class number located in the bottom
corner of the label. United Nations (UN) class numbers and commodity numbers are required on Military
Standard Transportation and Movement Procedures (MIL-STAMP) documentation. DOT classifications
and UN numerical class designations are shown in the Appendix, page A-7.
Hazardous cargo labels.
Each item of hazardous cargo must be identified by an appropriate international shipping label.
See Figure 20. These labels are of a standard size, shape, and color. They bear an easily
recognizable symbol that indicates the content of the container.
DOT requires that the shipper attach the appropriate label to each package of hazardous
material before it is shipped, unless it is exempted from labeling. The appropriate label is
affixed to the exterior of each container or pallet of Class V material shipped.
Hazardous cargo placards. Each shipper transporting hazardous material by motor vehicle (military
or civilian) or railcar must have the required placards displayed. The placards are displayed to warn
the general public of the hazard of the cargo being transported. NOTE. The placards are the same
as the labels shown in Figure 20, except for the size. They have been changed to reflect the latest
US and UN doctrine. This is a major change to Hazardous Cargo Labels/Placards used for this
function. See Figure 21.
13. Selecting outloading drawings.
a. Ammunition outloading drawings are the written plans for transporting ammunition and explosives. They
contain illustrations showing the placement of munitions and the bracing and tiedown requirements to
secure munitions for shipment. They also contain general and special notes. Detailed outloading
drawings were developed to ensure safe, economical, and standardized methods for transporting