5.

Surveillance of the reference and working groups of cells will be

maintained.

Surveillance will consist of monthly comparisons of the

reference and working cells and plotting the computed value of each cell and

the mean of the groups.

a. The following computations and graphs are required:

(1) The value of each cell and the mean of the working group based on

the mean of the reference group (compute and graph).

(2) The value of each cell in the reference group based on the mean

of the reference group (compute and graph).

(3) Left-right component (compute only).

b. Upon receipt of the calibration report from the APSL, the ACF will

construct graphs similar to Figure 3-7 and should be in accordance with 1

through 3 below:

(1) Enter the calibration report value for each of the cells and the

mean of each group at the appropriate point on the graphs at time zero and

enter the date at the bottom of the graph.

(2) Enter the upper and lower control limits.

These limits will be

supplied by the APSL in the calibration report.

(3) At monthly intervals following calibration, compare the reference

and working cells and compute the value of all cells in terms of the mean of

the reference group. Enter the computed data in the graphs.

c. Surveillance plots are considered within control if plotted data is

within upper and lower control limits.

d. Out-of-control conditions and actions will be determined in the

following manner:

(1) The average left-right component (residual EMF) is 0.10 V for

systems used in the ACFs.

Any computed left-right component exceeding

0.30 V indicates a requirement for determining system errors (sources of

thermal EMF, cell instability, potentiometer errors, etc.).

In situations

where left-right component computations exceed 0.30 V and the sources of

errors cannot be traced locally, guidance should be requested from the APSL.

(2) Control limits on the surveillance charts signal out-of-control

conditions for the cell.

Individual out-of-control cells in the working

group should not be used as standards for calibration; however, surveillance

should continue.

In some cases, the condition will be temporary and will

return to an in-control condition.

In the event of an out-of-control

working group mean, request guidance from the APSL.

The reference group

mean will track a straight line by definition. In the event as many as two

reference group cells drift out-of-control, request guidance from the APSL.

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