(3) Venting permits maximum salvage of agent containers, it is economical and the explosive
components are not affected. Its major disadvantage is the limitation of quantity due to the
large downwind hazard area used in conjunction with the venting of small munitions
containing CG or CK. In this case, disposal by detonation may be appropriate.
4. DISPOSAL BY DETONATION
Some smoke and incendiary filled munitions can be disposed of using a method similar to that used
for high explosive items. This method is practical for disposing of white phosphorus filled munitions.
In some remote locations, toxic chemical munitions may be detonated where they are found. But
be sure to observe downwind hazard restrictions. The detonation method may be used together
with the venting of small munitions containing CG or CK. In this case, place enough explosives on
or under the munition rather than puncturing the casing. This method may be proper when the
integral explosive components cannot be removed. During wartime, this may be the only practical
way to dispose of all types of CB agents. If possible, use at least 2.25 kgs (5 pounds) of explosives
for each .45 kg (1 pound) of agent.
a. Neutralizing or detoxifying chemical agents with a chemical decontaminant is the preferred
method to dispose of small amounts of chemical agents of 11.4 kgs (25 pounds) or less. It is an
excellent way to dispose of small amounts of biological agents and all amounts of incapacitating
agents. In addition, with special equipment neutralization can be used to dispose of larger
amounts of CB agents.
b. Use at least 2 gallons of 10 percent neutralizing solution for each pound of agent. Caustic soda
solutions are very effective on biological agents, chemical agents, GB; AC, CK, CG, CN, and
acid smokes FS and FM. Calcium hypochlorite solutions are most effective to nerve agent VX,
vomiting agents such as DM, and biological agents. Alcoholic caustic solutions should be used
for neutralizing BZ and CS. Mustard agents (such as HD) require 4 gallons of neutralizing
solution to each pound of agent. Calcium hypochlorite solutions are effective on blister agents.
c. When conducting neutralizing operations, place the right amount of neutralizing solution in a
heavy-gaged steel container such as a 55-gallon drum. Regulate the flow of agent into the
container through a valve and pipe system or by slow pouring. Stir the solution as the agent
flows into the container to mix the agent with the neutralizing solution.