d. Voltage and current are shifted 180 degrees.
are described and illustrated in Figure 22.
When studying these
Half-Wave Line Applications.
(1) Figure 22, Part A.
(a) A low Z line is matched to a high Z line.
(b) The half-wave frame is excited at AB setting up standing waves
of E and I.
(c) The Z is zero at the ends and maximum in the center.
(d) The low Z line is attached to a low Z point on the frame.