All carriers transporting Class V assets will be inspected before and after loading for serviceability and
for compliance with safety regulations. Loading must be performed according to specific outloading
requirements for the mode of transport and the type of ammunition involved.
Ammunition security requirements fall into two categories. Classified munitions and their components
must be safeguarded to ensure that they do not fall into enemy hands. See AR 380-5 for complete
information. Materiel security of explosives and ammunition ensures that Class V items do not turn up
in unauthorized locations, with unauthorized users, or in situations that could cause a hazardous or
unfavorable condition for the population or the Army. See AR 190-11 for complete information.
Ammunition commanders at all levels are concerned about personnel safety and the ammunition and
explosive items under their control. See AR 385-64 for additional information. All personnel engaged
in operations in which munitions or other hazardous materials are involved should be thoroughly trained
in explosive safety aspects of the following operations:
The DOD and DA have always required 100-percent accountability of Class V items. To implement this
requirement, the DOD and DA published regulations, directives, pamphlets, and technical and field
manuals that address this subject. They also established agencies and commands, assigned
managers and special teams, and developed management information systems and programs in order
to oversee the ammunition program. Some of these initiatives follow:
DOD Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition. SMCA is discussed later in this subcourse.
Standard Army Ammunition System. SAAS is a multicommand, computerized ammunition
management information system that provides uniform procedures for ammunition management at
all echelons from theater to user. SAAS is discussed later in this subcourse.
Stockpile Function Test Program. A program designed to determine functional reliability, to develop
shelf and service life, and to detect trends in stockpile performance. This program is administered
at AMC and major commands (MACOMs) by quality assurance specialists, ammunition surveillance
Surveillance and Accountability Teams (SAATs). These teams are used in the Republic of Korea
(ROK). SAATs are discussed later in this subcourse.