measurement being made. For example, in a period measurement, the division
needs to be
; therefore, no exchange is events needed, since time
data is in NR and events data is in DR.
however, the division needs to be
; therefore, the registers
must exchange their data to perform the correct division.
Shifting data from one register to another involves "reading" the data
out of each register, storing it in a latch, and then "writing" the data
back into the other register.
Once both groups of data are positioned in
their correct register, the Adder/Subtracter Register accomplishes the
division by performing a series of successive subtractions. Each time this
register completes a successful subtraction, it increments the Quotient
Multiplier Counter (QMC). Once this counter determines the total number of
successful subtractions in a particular digit, it transfers that data into
the Quotient Register (QR) and continues the subtraction process for the
next significant digit. After all subtractions are complete, the QR shifts
the data into the Denominator Register, where it can be distributed to the
The Quotient Multiplier Storage (MS) circuit is used to determine the
unit multiplier (K, M, n, etc.) of the result.
The digit Storage (DS)
defines the number of significant digits to be computed. The Digit Counter
(DC) is compared with DS. When DS = DC, the division routine is complete.
The Decimal Point Locator for the Result (DPLR) is a counter that keeps
The Decimal Point
Locator for K (DPLK) is also a counter and is used to keep track of decimal
point information from the plug-in.
f. State Control.
To this point, the counter has been described in
terms of signal or data flow. To control the intricacies of the data flow,
a hierarchy of commands and controls are needed. Depending on the operating
model being used, the counter uses a particular program which outputs the
commands to the various assemblies in the counter.
All possible program
steps are contained in the ROMs (Read Only Memories) located on the lower
The flow within the program is determined by
generating a series of commands and then altering the program flow based on
The ROMs output two sets of program codes; one set when the MSB (Most
Significant Bit) address line is High and the other set when MSB is Low.
The first set is chosen by address codes, which selects one out of 128
possible ROM address locations. The second set of program codes is chosen
from a second set of ROM address locations. Each address location contains
a specific program code.